Table of Contents:
(Click on any question!)

1  How do I care for my Woodturnings?
Simply dust them with a dry cloth or a feather duster as necessary.
It is important that they are NEVER washed with soap and water; wood will warp and/or crack by doing so.

3 Where is a good place to see Woodturnings?

There are many Galleries that have Woodturnings on display. The Old Market Artists Gallery (OMA) in Omaha has a wonderful display of woodturnings for you to view or go to there web site  www.oldmarketartists.com   You may also look on the internet under "Woodturning" for additional locations.   The American Association of Woodturners www.woodturner.org   has a great gallery page.

4 Who should I contact to get involved with Woodturning?

The American Association of Woodturners has over 13,000 members. Look on the internet to find a local chapter near you. www.woodturner.org Two great places to get involved in this area is the "Loess Hills Woodturners Club" in Omaha, Nebraska http://www.lhturners.org/ and the "Great plains Wood Turners Club" in Lincoln, Nebraska http://www.greatplainswoodturners.com/

6  What is a Hollow Form Turning?
Hollow Form woodturnings are usually in the form of a vase or vessel with the opening smaller than the vessel size or diameter. The inside shape conforms with the outside shape and most often the wall thickness ranges from 1/8" to 3/8". Once the wall thickness is established the artist strives to maintain a consistent thickness throughout the entire piece.
Here are pictures of my hollowing system. Once the outside form is turned between centers I then attach the piece to a large chuck on the lathe. While the piece is turning I open up the inside with the sharp cutting tool on the end of a bar that slides in a cradle which is attached to the lathe bed.

7  What is a Bud Vase?
A Bud Vase is a vase with a hole down the center for the stems of flowers to fit in. Be sure NOT to put water in the wood vase. "Water on Wood -- No Good!" Artificial or dried flowers work well.

9  What is Spalting?
Spalting is a by-product of the rotting process that is carried out by a vast array of stain, mold and decay fungi, that are found naturally on the forest floor. When the temperature and humidity are right, spalting can cause many different and beautiful patterns in rotting wood. The unusual coloration may be due to chemically induced reactions between the wood, fungi and insect deposits, often resulting in black, pink, grey and multicolored streaked wood.
Once the wood has been cut and stabilized, the fungi can no longer grow, and the spalting process will stop.

8  What is a Tree Burl?
They are basically benign tree tumors. They occur when a twig bud fails to grow normally,
differentiating into the tissues needed for forming a limb,
and instead just multiplies and multiplies and multiplies its bud cells.
That's how you get the round growth with an irregular grain structure.

Many burls will sprout when placed into water, forming normal-looking shoots.
Apparently the water saturation somehow helps them "remember" that they are, after all, limb buds.

Richard Barrans Jr., Ph.D.

10 Where do I get my wood?
Most of the wood I harvest myself in the local area around Omaha or with other members in our woodturning club. Some of the wood burls I buy from a guy in Oregon. The Osage and Cedar I get from my friend Dale Robbins in Missouri.

11 How do I control Wood Dust?
Dust Collection System in the wood shop is essential.... A necessary requirement.... A health issue....
My shop is equipped with a Grizzly G0548 - 2 Horsepower - 1,700 CFM Dust Collector with a Canister type filter that provides filtering of the air to 1 micron. The 6" to triple 4" Y adaptor at the Dust Collector is removed and 6" pipe is used for the main run with 4" drops to the all the equipment. For the drop down to the wood lathe I stayed with 6" flex pipe to a catch box. The box pivots back & forward and left to right to help keep the maximum dust collection in the area of interest. (The 1/4" bolts in the angle aluminum is where the pivot points are.) The 6" gate is homemade and works just as nice as the 4" gates I bought!

12 How do I Sharpen Woodturning Tools?
Working with SHARP tools makes woodturning very enjoyable and rewarding because of the finished product.  A sharp cutting edge on the gouge, scraper or skew helps keep the wood fibers from getting torn. With the wood fibers having a nice clean cut from the sharp cutting edge of the tool the sanding requirements are reduced significantly.  Most of my tool sharpening is done on the Grizzly G1015 knife belt sharpener. I use a 120 grit sanding belt most of the time.  The grinding gigs are One Way Wolverine.  They do a fantastic job of keeping the same bevel and cutting edge on the tool every time I sharpen, which is often.

13 What is a Vacuum Chuck Holding System?
The basic principle of vacuum chucking involves the science of the atmosphere around us. Normal atmospheric pressure, at sea level, is just under 15 pounds per square inch.  That means if we create a vacuum, such as a vacuum chuck, the barrier between the atmosphere and the vacuum, in this case our turning, has a pressure exerted upon it by the atmosphere.
Vacuum is measured in inches of mercury or hg.  A perfect vacuum is 30 inches of mercury (30 hg) and cannot be obtained on the surface of the earth.  Most of the small pumps we use for our type of work are able to provide 22 to 28 hg, and this level of vacuum is more than sufficient for our purposes. In round numbers, the pressure exerted by the atmosphere is about one-half pound of force per square inch for every inch of mercury. This sounds confusing. Your system will have a gauge that reads from 0 to 30 hg.  Divide the number on the gauge in half to find the pounds per square inch of force exerted on the turning. As an example, you have built a vacuum chuck that is 6 inches in diameter.  You attach it to the lathe and apply vacuum and hold a turning.  The 6 inch diameter chuck has just over 28 sq. ins. of surface. If you run the vacuum up to 20 hg, the external pressure is about 10 PSI and the force exerted against the turning is a total of 280 pounds. 28hg increases the pressure to 392 pounds of force.

Example: Oak Burl by Pomme de Terre Lake in Missouri. Close to the home
of Woodturner Dale Robbins.   Curt on left, Dale Robbins & Gary Scott on right

Walnut from Modale, Iowa.
Woodturner Mike Johnston and I cut-up the downed Walnut tree.

Woodturner Chuck Smith (left) Curt Norman (right) at a  
Club wood cutting party by
Murray, Nebraska.

Curt Norman playing - I mean working!  On a wood/burl hunt by WoodturnerDale Robbins house in Missouri

My Sharpening Station

Wolverine Veri-Grind

My Dust Collection at the Lathe

     Home Page

14 Will I do Commissioned Work?

Frequently Asked Questions
FAQ
Making a Vase
Woodturning Tips
About the Artist
Gallery
Home Page

VACUUM CHUCK HOLDING POUNDS
In Round Numbers
2 INCH CHUCK -------- 31 lbs. @ 20 hg  45 lbs. @ 28 hg 
3 INCH CHUCK -------- 70 lbs. @ 20 hg 100 lbs. @ 28 hg
4 INCH CHUCK ------- 125 lbs. @ 20 hg 170 lbs. @ 28 hg
5 INCH CHUCK ------- 190 lbs. @ 20 hg 275 lbs. @ 28 hg
6 INCH CHUCK ------- 280 lbs. @ 20 hg 395 lbs. @ 28 hg
7 INCH CHUCK ------- 380 lbs. @ 20 hg 540 lbs. @ 28 hg
8 INCH CHUCK ------- 500 lbs. @ 20 hg 700 lbs. @ 28 hg

The pressure exerted by the atmosphere is about 1/2 pound of force
per square inch for every inch of mercury
Area in Square Inches of a Vacuum Chuck = pi r² (3.14 X Radius Squared)
Inches of Mercury on the system gauge = hg
Curt Norman 1/15/06

  Closed Cell Foam
From; McMASTER-CARR  600 County Line Rd. Elmhurst, IL 60126 Ph. 630-600-3600
Part Number 8647K81 Black 1/8” X 42” X 72” About $36.00 (shipping included)

Grizzly Dust Collector

Grizzly G1015 Sharpener

aaaaaaaaaaaaiii

( pi X X ½hg = pounds of force)

My Vacuum System on the Lathe with a OneWay chuck and home made chucks and vacuum adaptor made by  JTTurningtools.
Click on the link below for more information.

Table of Contents:
(Click on any question!)

Example: Oak Burl by Pomme de Terre Lake in Missouri. Close to the home
of Woodturner Dale Robbins.   Curt on left, Dale Robbins & Gary Scott on right

Walnut from Modale, Iowa.
Woodturner Mike Johnston and I cut-up the downed Walnut tree.

Woodturner Chuck Smith (left) Curt Norman (right) at a  
Club wood cutting party by
Murray, Nebraska.

Curt Norman playing - I mean working!  On a wood/burl hunt by WoodturnerDale Robbins house in Missouri

My Sharpening Station

Wolverine Veri-Grind

My Dust Collection at the Lathe

     Home Page
Frequently Asked Questions
FAQ
Making a Vase
Woodturning Tips
About the Artist
Gallery
Home Page

VACUUM CHUCK HOLDING POUNDS
In Round Numbers
2 INCH CHUCK -------- 31 lbs. @ 20 hg  45 lbs. @ 28 hg 
3 INCH CHUCK -------- 70 lbs. @ 20 hg 100 lbs. @ 28 hg
4 INCH CHUCK ------- 125 lbs. @ 20 hg 170 lbs. @ 28 hg
5 INCH CHUCK ------- 190 lbs. @ 20 hg 275 lbs. @ 28 hg
6 INCH CHUCK ------- 280 lbs. @ 20 hg 395 lbs. @ 28 hg
7 INCH CHUCK ------- 380 lbs. @ 20 hg 540 lbs. @ 28 hg
8 INCH CHUCK ------- 500 lbs. @ 20 hg 700 lbs. @ 28 hg

The pressure exerted by the atmosphere is about 1/2 pound of force
per square inch for every inch of mercury
Area in Square Inches of a Vacuum Chuck = pi r² (3.14 X Radius Squared)
Inches of Mercury on the system gauge = hg
Curt Norman 1/15/06

  Closed Cell Foam
From; McMASTER-CARR  600 County Line Rd. Elmhurst, IL 60126 Ph. 630-600-3600
Part Number 8647K81 Black 1/8” X 42” X 72” About $36.00 (shipping included)

Grizzly Dust Collector

Grizzly G1015 Sharpener

aaaaaaaaaaaaiii

( pi X X ½hg = pounds of force)

My Vacuum System on the Lathe with a OneWay chuck and home made chucks and vacuum adaptor made by  JTTurningtools.
Click on the link below for more information.